where foreign AK47s (and ammo) are / were Manufactured
US AK47 Manufacturers & Builders - Click
Since the 14th century, craftsmen in the town
of Suhl, Germany, deep in the Thuringen Forest,
have been known as the world’s finest
weapons makers. Suhl Arms Production factory
in the former East Germany, the USSR handed
over the factory to German Democratic Repuplic
(GDR), 1952 the government renamed it to "VEB
Fahrzeug- und Gerätewerk Simson Suhl".
Little by little the production of sporting
guns started again.. In 1898, the Merkel brothers
founded a factory in Suhl that was the first
to industrially manufacture over-and-under guns.
The Merkel factory grew rapidly, and in 1914
the production line introduced side-by-side
(SxS) shotguns. The reputation of Merkel guns
circulated quickly throughout Germany, and then
throughout the world.
- Suhl factory
"circle in diamond mark"
seen on E.German Makarov pistols / AK47 receiver
along with (K3) mark
- Ernst Thaelmann VEB
"K3 in ellipse/oblonged circle mark"
seen on German MPiAK74N , AK 47 version receiver
is no trademark! VEB means "Volkseigener
Betrieb" or " people owned factory"
...so aside from "Kombinat"s,the "VEB"s
where one common form of socialist production
units throughout the whole GDR/DDR usually held
apart with a socialist heroes name like Ernst
factory in Radom. State Armory in Radom employs
6,000 workers and produces the Kalashnikov
- Lucznik factory
"number 11 mark"
independence has recovered after 123 years
problem of structure of arms industry defends
become for she (it) case of unusual weight.
Network of plant (bet) did not exist on polish
practically zie miach if (or) factories arms
production occupying Russia
cause in period of annexation.
defends project of investment, radom plant
of weapon was that, andrzej has been approved
(validated) by in (to) 1922 director of plant
of radom weapon become (stay)
22 april 1927 factory of weapon and it has
proceeded under management of state plant
of arming. It
produce in 1926 year in factory within day
250 rifles already. It had at disposal in
(to) 1939 2.300 already FB szt.
of weapon produced in 1930 year on supply
for yugoslavia 30 thousand of pistol.
(summer; year) was banner product of plant
(bet) by almost fifty rifle of soviet project
engineer Kałasznikowa. There is weapon
about highest degree of reliability, for
fairest construction included in the world.
However, polish rifles were modernized with
success and by radom project engineers improve
( 7,62 mm AK-47, kbkAKM, ) kbkAKMs. It process
near the end summer (year) seventieth and
it produce parties of prototypes on missiles
about carbine educational samopowtarzalnego
kal. 5,6 Mm,
Unfortunately, it has receded from program
MON, on result, lose ideal for instruction
of (training of) archer that „ assistance
scientific ” not only military < military >.
New rifle construct year in (to) 1988 on
ammunition 5,45 .mm emerged shortest change
later TANTAL ONYKS, for cartridges in mid-year
ninetieth 5,56 .mm adapted < accommodate > also,
storm rifle construct BERYL and shortest
version MINI-BERYL wz. On ammunition 96 kal.
It is possible to furnish these rifles with
produced in tarnuv 5,56 .mm 40 mm howitzer
PALLAD, dwójnóg and bayonet.
OF WEAPON has taken over tasks „ ” ŁUCZNIKA ŁUCZNIK
- ADVICE (COUNCIL). Company become
(stay) before insolvency of metal plant
(bet) several month zawiązana,
by 30 june 2000 year „ ” s.a.
and agency of development of (evolution
of) industry. It are not limited factory
for production of carbine only BERYL,
engine pistols GLAUBERYT and for in
a uniform services pistols WALTHER.
prepare civil versions of rifles
for fans of shooting weapons „ ” called
ADVICE (COUNCIL) Beryl, which (who)
shoot cartridge remington .223. Civil
recipients (receivers), amateurs
have windfall first-class sports
strzelectwa, these carbines for hand
in version with wood flask (butt)
taking or it fold metal.
FACTORY "ŁUCZNIK" - RADOM
LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY )
Weapon Factory “ŁUCZNIK” – Radom
( limited liability company) was founded on
18th August 2000. It continues glorious traditions
of small arms producers in Radom like: Weapon
Factory (which was a part of State Armament
Factory and “ŁUCZNIK” Metal
Plant, respected on world market. Nowadays,
we produce modern small arms units like: submachine
guns PM-98 GLAUBERYT cal. 9 mm PARA, carbines
BERYL and MINI-BERYL cal. 5,56 mm NATO, sports
carbines RADOM-SPORT cal. .223 REM and personal
pistol P99 cal. 9 mm PARA.
Roku street 1/9
- ARSENAL factory
"ARSENAL" Ltd. is a modern infrastructure
plant specialized in machine-building and the
production of small arms and artillery systems,
ammunition, powders, primers, pyrotechnic products,
hard- alloy tools etc. Its history dates back
to the beginning of 1878. Arsenal produces many
models of assault rifles, grenade launchers
and anti-aircraft guns including small quantities
of NATO caliber weapons. Its most notable weapon
is the Kalashnikov, 'regarded as one of the
East bloc's finest, and over 1 million of the
submachine guns found their way from here (Bulgaria)
to the armies and armed gangs of the world'.
ARSENAL Co. produces a number of products
for civilian use such as industrial machines
and tools, anti-hail rockets, signaling rockets,
items for the mining industry, and others. production
and trade of processing and non standard equipment,
cemented carbide materials and tools, small
arms, artillery systems, accessories for them,
ammunition, primers, powders, charges, pyrotechnic
Arsenal Co., 100
Rozova Dolina St., 6100
Vegas , NV
- Izhevsk factory / Izhmash
Izhevsk IMEZ stands for Izhevskii
Mechanicheskii Zavod or Izhevsk Mechanical
Factory located in the city of Izhevsk near
the Ural Mountains. Ishevsk is a city in Russia
and lies 77 km northwest from Sarapul. Due
to the influence of access of the river Ischa
in the Urals , in 1760 were created there
by the Russian count Schuwalow an iron goods
factory, which manufactured mainly firearms,
primarily cannons. In 1763 the factory was
taken over by the Russian government and produces
weapons to this day.
Izhmash is the successor
of the former Ishevsk weapon manufacturer.
Izhmash is a goverment,
state owned enterprise, but has the right
to close its own business contracts and
deals without governmental interference.
- Russian American Armory
3, Derjabin Pr.,
Udmurt Republic, 426006, Russia
Fax: (095) 249-53-26; (3412) 49-56-39
Telephone: (095) 249-03-36;
(3412) 51-22-83; 49-55-31
Factory - Izhmash, Concern
Izhevsk, the capital city of Udmurtia, is
located in the central part of the Republic
of Udmurtia . In territory it is 31,666 hectares.
Currently the population of Izhevsk is 700,000
people which amounts to 40% of the population
of the whole republic.
"arrow in triangle mark"
(arrow pointing upwards to the top point
seen on Russian red/orange and dark plum
(commonly referred to as black) synthetic
30 rnd AK74 (5.45x39) mags.
"arrow in shield mark"
(trade mark...former bow and arrow)
seen on Izhevsk products like pistol grips,
- Tula factory
( Tuljskaja Gubernija) was in 1891 a District
or Province of European Russia. Previously,
Tula belonged to the District of Moscow until
1777 . The District was about 200 km south of
Moscow, and covered roughly 31,000 square kilometers
with approximately 1.34 million inhabitants
in 1882. The District was rich in natural resources
such as , iron, and was very suitable for cottage
industries. Tula, the capitol of the District
was known to have areas of strong ore deposits
situated quite near to it.
first weapons factory in Tula , was established
The city was a prime location for rail
access because of the river Upa and in
1882 had particularly good rail connections
In the year 1896 armament makers with the
aid of 1,400 machine tools could manufacture
913 weapons per day.
TULA ARMS PLANT
a Sovetskaja Str.
the last years 19th Century the factory
was extended because of the pending production
of the three-line rifles and received approximately
1,400 new machines, mostly from France.
In addition to the different army rifles,
the Nagant pistol, other light arms and
edged weapons, hunting rifles and ammunition
was manufactured there.
"star mark" (Tula arsenal)
(5 pointed, outlined star)
seen on Russian brown synthetic 30 rnd
AK74 (5.45x39) mags.
"star in triangle mark"
- Polyany arsenal (Molot)
Vyatskie Polyany Machine Building Plant
which uses the trade name "Molot".
Machine Building Plant MOLOT. Polyany manufactures
the VEPR Rifle and BECAs shotguns. It possesses
modern technologies and equipment, highly-skilled
engineers and highly-trained workers.half-century
tradition in the production of hunting arms
based on Kalashnickov system 40-years
experience in the production of motor vehicles
and parts production and mounting of Packing
Lenin Street, Vyatskie Polyany,
Kirov Region, 612900, Russia
+7 83334 26611
+7 83334 22199; +7 83334 21832
"star in shield mark" ()
(5 pointed outlined star in shield)
seen on RPK drum mags and bakelite RPK 74 (5.45x39)
45 rnd synthetic mags.
- Baikal (Not really Another
Russian Arms Factory)
Baikal is a foreign
trade organization this is similar to North
China Industries (NORINCO). This was a governmental
organization that was used to market Soviet
goods abroad. Similarly, all shotguns, both
of the Izhevsk and Tula manufacture, were
branded as BAIKAL. The largest supplier of
shotguns was the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant.
Izhevsky Mekhanichesky Zavod
str. Izhevsk , 426063 RUSSIA Fax.: 011-95-007-341-2765830
Barnaul Ammunitions technical
policy concerning manufacturing of cartridges
for hunting and sporting is based on several
principles. The first principle is the usage
of steel, lacquered cartridge case. Steel cartridge
case manufacturing technology is a much more
complicated technical process than metal and
brass. Functioning of steel, metal and brass
cases while shooting is rather identical at
the point of influence on weapon.
strength is the main advantage of steel case
cartridges over metal and brass cases. This
is why Barnaul cartridges occupy the leading
position in the world and CIS ammunition market.
The selling of cartridges was started by European
and US stores in 1996.The second principle
- different bullet types usage:
has got a weakened head part, because of the
hard deformation that it takes when it hits
a target, it then turns around and becomes
a high destructive power. FMJ and FMJ BT bullets
have a more defined and perfect ballistic shape
which provides for better close grouping characteristics
and effusive power that enables the hunting
of fur-bearing animals.
principle: all Barnaul-made cartridges are
certified not only by Russia State Test Station
(STS), but also by the European Safety Demands
in Germany and Czech Certification Stations.
Today, European certificates are given for
the following cartridges: 7,62x39 SP, 7,62x39
FMJ, 7,62x51 M.308 Win SP, 7,62x51 M.308 Win
FMJ, 7,62x54R SP, 7,62x54R FMJ BT.
Barnaul Machine Plant JSC is one of
the leading producers of industrial
goods and ammunition in Russia. The
plant’s history goes far in the
past to the period of Alexander I.
The Emperor ordered the opening one
of the first cartridge plants in St-Petersburg
in 1869. During World War I the plant
supplied the Russian Army. The plant
operated out of St-Petersburg until
the Civil War when the plant moved
to the Moscow region. During World
War II under the threat of a Moscow
siege, by German Forces, the plant
was relocated to Barnaul, where the
production of various types of cartridges
began. Barnaul sent ammunition to the
Soviet Army a month later and the plant
produced almost 50% of the cartridges
used by the Soviet Army.
city, where the Barnaul Machine-Tool
Plant is located, is in an accessible
geographic region. Directional railways,
one of the main highways of the country,
and an international airport, surround
the plant. These various modes of transportation
allow for the successful transportation
most substantial plant activity is the manufacturing
of sport-hunting cartridges for rifle and shotgun
cartridges. The company is currently one of
the largest suppliers of cartridges in Russia.
It also delivers cartridges regularly to
America, Europe, and Asia.
- FMJ (Full Metal Jacket)
- FMJ BT (Full Metal Jacket Boat Tail)
- SP (Soft Point)
- SPBT (Soft Point Boat Tail)
- HP (Hollow Point)
- HPBT (Hollow Point Boat Tail)
Ulyanovsk Machine Tool Plant
Ulyanovsk Machine Tool Plant began its production
of small arms ammunition in 1917. Over the
years it has grown to become one of the greatest
Russian enterprises specializing in sporting
and hunting small arms ammunition.
main philosophy is customer satisfaction, resulting
in all sporting and hunting cartridges meeting
the highest quality standards. Quickness and
accuracy remain high priorities. The ammunition
is popular in the United States, South American,
and in Europe.
enterprise is located in Ulyanovsk, a city
in the European region of Russia, on the bank
of the Volga River. Railways and roads tie
the city to all the country’s
regions and there is also an international
airport in Ulyanovsk.
Novosibirsk LVE Plant Plc
Novosibirsk LVE Plant Plc. is an enterprise
with a long and glorious history. The LVE Plant
Plc. has manufactured small arms ammunition
for over 60 years. The 50 caliber, 7.62x39mm,
and 9mm cartridges are well known not only
in Russia, but also all over the world. During
World War II the LVE staff worked day and night
to furnish the Army with ammunition to fill
The engineers’ ingenuity
and the operators’ talents
are supported by highly productive rotary and
rotary conveying facilities. This combination
enables LVE to compete with world leading manufacturers
of ammunition, which is their major product.
are found throughout the world, as they are
exported to more than 50 countries. Their reliability
and efficiency has been proven in every climatic
zone. In addition to military cartridges, LVE
manufacturers a wide range of sporting, hunting,
and law-enforcement ammunition. The plant still
continues to develop new calibers.
July, 1936 according to Stalin's direct order
the construction of a strategically important
ammunition plant began. It was found within
the distance of 27 km (16,9 miles) from Moscow
to the south of Podolsk, not far from railway
station. On December 30, by the decision of
People's Armament Commissar of the USSR a newly
built plant got its number - 188. At first
the plant was refered to as Novopodolsky, and
in 1960 it was renamed to Klimovsk Punching
Plant (KShZ). So it is December 30, 1936 that
is traditionally considered the plant foundation
date. Its close neighbourhood to Moscow, favourable
climatic and geographic zones, highly professional
staff, considerable industrial resources -
all these factors serve today as a predetermination
of the defense enterprise higher investment
attraction. To the present day the plant is
considered a local economic mainstay and socially
important enterprise of the town of Klimovsk.
legacy for the twenty first century
will rest on how well we lay the groundwork
today for creating a company that continues
to be responsive to military and civilian
customer needs and depends as much
on inventiveness and innovation as
it does on technology. We are striving
to meet this challenge, making the
products that meet the highest standards
of quality with unsurpassed fit, finish,
reliability and durability. Military
and Law enforcement professionals in
the USSR and today from the entire
world have provided assistance in developing
our product specifications in order
to meet the needs of today's safeguard
During all our success
production history we have been testing
our ammunition using thousand kinds of
different firearms. Our factory collection
of fire arms is one of the biggest in
the ex Soviet Union. This experience
has allowed KSPZ to develop the Jorge
9mm series pistols that was constructed
in close conjunction with technical experts
from the Russian Army and number
of law enforcement agencies - world wide.
We have spent a lot o time all over
the world to figure out what is most
needed. The result is a state of
the art product, designed for use in
modern military and police tactics.
Meeting with Kalashnikov
Unitary Enterprise Production Association - Vympel
24th 1976 went down in history as a day of
a future plant "Vympel" which now
called Federal State Unitary Enterprise Production
Association "Vympel" (FSUE PA "VYMPEL").
plant was designed as a strictly specialized
enterprise for 5,45 mm cartridge production
on state customer's orders.
turned out first products in 1982; at the beginning
of 1989 cartridge
output reached the designed capacity. In the
early nineties, in
spite of the depression of defence industry
and, as a result of it, difficult
financial and economic situation, the enterprise
could master and
carry out the production of several types of
military cartridgesincluding blank cartridge,
cartridge with steel core bullet model 1943, pistol
cartridge, cartridge with enhanced penetration
is proud of its 5,45 mm cartridge with armour
bullet. At present this cartridge is the most
powerful and effective one
among cartridges of this type, it has no analogues
in Russia and abroad.
This cartridge excels cartridge with enhanced
penetration bullet using by Russian armed forces
in 1,5 times.
In 2001 the
enterprise is going to put on foreign market
Remington and Parabellum
hunting cartridge. At present the Association
produces 18 kinds of military and sporting-hunting
In 2002 "Vympel" is
planning to put into production military
mm in caliber for selling on foreign market.
Besides military cartridge production,
the Association mastered production of sporting-hunting
rifled weapons and also sporting-hunting
cartridges of different calibers and bullet
types for domestic and foreign markets.
In 1992 Vympel-produced
locks for garages came into the market, they
in design and the plant took out a patent for
invention. In 1995 the
Association began to produce automobile glass "Triplex".
In mastering of
this production, testing laboratories, which
do not have analogues east of
the Urals, were organized and accredited by
Russian state standard. In 1997 section for
production of tubular electric heaters was
At present the Association
intends to increase the production
of the whole range of hardware, products
for medical purpose, polythene film,
linoleum, putty, aeroionizers etc. "Vympel" is
the youngest and the most up-to date
enterprise among cartridge plants
in Russia, it is the only cartridge
plant in the Far East.
of Romanian origin are well made generally
Cugir proofmark resembles
a soviet AKM with the Arrow-in-star marking. Should
not be confused with the Russian Izhevsk arsenal
marking, the Russian marking has feathers
Romanian has no feathers
7.62 x 39mm
WUM-1, CUR-1, Romak-1,
5.45 x 39mm
WUM-2, CUR-2, or Romak-2
Also of Romanian origin, Generally lower
qualiity finished receivers and poor barrels,
few nice guns.
These are really export companies,
and the rifles with these names were contracted
from several military arsenals for export by
Polytech and Norico
"single circle 386 mark"
reported on receivers / trunnion of Polytech
- Norinco / China North Industries Group
China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO)
is an enterprise group engaged in both products
and capital operation, integrated with R&D,
manufacturing, marketing, and services. NORINCO
mainly deals with defense products, international
engineering contracting, optronic products,
chemical products, sports arms & equipment,
automobiles and logistics services, etc.
NORINCO faces toward the markets
and strives for development of updated high-tech
defense products. NORINCO has demonstrated the
solid strength of Chinese national defense industry
and technology in precision strike systems,
amphibious assault weapons and equipment, long-range
suppression weapon systems, anti-aircraft &
anti-missile systems, information & night
vision products, high-effect destruction systems,
anti-terrorism & anti-riot products as well
as small arms. NORINCO has won trust from clients
for its high quality products and excellent
" 66 in triangle " ()
66 - reported on chinese origin metal magazines.
of the information on this page is collected and posted
by Code(10) at
(10)s homepage on the kalashnikov.guns.ru
server. I try to assemble Automat Kalashnikov
related material that is of interest to the
novice in firearms, as well as to the beginning
collector who wants to specialize in AK sytems.
Being a fan of military small arms my interest
in the AK series of rifle grew and with the
help of serious collectors and AK aficionados
I learned a lot on AK rifles, their operating
system and development. I want to thank all
the fellow enthusiasts from the AK- board, and
hope that this homepage contributes interesting
and needed info to the community. In case you
notice mistakes, have better and more exact
info, or wish to report further info that contributes
to this effort, please contact me at Ben66@gmx.net.