The following extract comes from US Army Field Manual
100-2-3 - The Soviet Army; Troops Organisation and Equipment
published in June 1991.
The publication was approved for public release
with unlimited distribution (ie may be freely used). The entry
provided covered the AK-47, AKS,
AKM and the AKMS military assault
The original AK was also known
as the AK-47. It was a gas-operated, selective-fire weapon.
Like all 7.62-mm Kalashnikov assault rifles, it fired the
Soviet 7.62 x 39-mm M1943 round and used a standard 30-round
curved box magazine. The AK came in two versions: one with
a fixed wooden stock, and another, the AKS, with a
folding metal stock issued primarily to parachutist and armor
troops. Except for the differences in the stock and the lack
of a tool kit with the AKS, the two version were identical.
The early AKS had no bayonet, but the version with the fixed
wooden stock later mounted a detachable knife bayonet.
The improved model, known as the AKM, is easier to
produce and operate. It weighs about one kilogram less than
the AK. The reduced weight results from using thinner, stamped
sheetmetal parts rather than machined, forged steel; laminated
wood rather than solid wood in the handguard, forearm, pistol
grip, and buttstock; and new lightweight aluminum and plastic
magazines. Other improvements include a straighter stock for
better control; an improved gas cylinder; a rate-of-fire control
alongside the trigger; a rear sight graduated to 1,000 meters
rather than 800 meters; and a greatly improved, detachable
The AKM also has a folding-stock version,
designated AKMS, intended for use by riflemen in armored
infantry combat vechicles such as the BMP. Except for its
T-shaped, stamped-metal, folding buttstock, the AKMS is identical
to the AKM. The folding-stock model can reduce its length
from 868 to 699 millimeters.
All 7.62-mm Kalashnikov assault
rifles fire in either semiautomatic or automatic mode and
have an effective range of about 300 meters. At full cyclic
rate, they can fire about 600 rounds per minute (upto 640
rounds per minute for the AKM), with a practical rate of about
100 rounds per minute fully automatic or 40 rounds per minute
semiautomatic. Both the AK and AKM can mount a grenade launcher.
Both can have passive image intensifier night sights. Both
can function normally after total immersion in mud and water.
The fully chromed barrel ensures effective operation even
at very low temperatures. The muzzle of either weapon fits
into the swiveling firing points of the BMP. Thus, the infantryman
can fire the weapon while the vechicle is moving.
The most serious drawback to the
AK and AKM is the low muzzle velocity (710 meters per second)
of the relatively heavy 7.62-mm round. This results in a looping
trajectory that requires a clumsy adjustment for accuracy
at ranges beyond 300 meters. The barrel overheats quickly
when the weapon fires for extended periods, making the weapon
hard to handle and occasionally causing a round to explode
prematurely in the chamber. The exposed gas cylinder is easily
dented, sometimes causing the weapon to malfunction.
Although they designed it in 1947
and thus referred to it as the AK-47, the Soviets actually
adopted the AK in 1949. The AK entered service in 1951. It
was the basic individual infantry weapon of the Soviet Army
until the introduction of the AKM. The Soviets developed the
AKM in 1959. It entered service in 1961. All 7.62-mm Kalashnikov
assualt rifles are very dependable weapons. They produce a
high volume of fire and are simple to maintain. However, the
new 5.45-mm assault rife AK-74 is replacing the 7.62-mm weapons.
AKS 47 7.62x39mm powerful pistol by B-West. In
excellent condition Pictured
with 40rd mag.
Only 200 of these were
made. PAK03 is their serial
number when they were made into pistol before the
ban thus very low serial number (price was $2500-3000
back in 1993)
following data comes from
Janes Infantry Weapons 1995 - 1996
7.62 x 39 mm Operation: gas, selective fire
Locking: rotating bolt Feed: 30-round detachable
Weight: 4.3 kg Length: 869 mm butt extended,
699 mm butt folded
Barrel: 414 mm Rifling: 4 grooves, rh, 1
turn in 235 mm
Sights: fore, post, adjustable; rear, U-notch,
tangent Muzzle velocity: 710 m/s
Rate of fire: cyclic, 600 rds/min Effective
range: 300 m
Legends and Reality of the AK
Val Shilin and Charlie Cutshaw
Headquaters, Department of the Army. FM 100-2-3
- The Soviet Army: Troops, Organization and Equipment. Washington
D.C.: Department of the Army, June 1991.
Nedelin, A. Kalashnikov Arms. Moscow: Military Parade, 1997.
Jane's Information Group Limited (edited by Gander, T. J.
and Hogg, I. V.). Jane's Infantry Weapons: 1995-96. London:
Biddles, 1995. ISBN: 0 7106 1241 9.