made AK47 Varieties
Polish AK47 Versions Page One - Click Here
has maintained the outstanding level of Quality
which they established with the Radom VIS
35 before World War II. Today the modern
Radom facility produces several lines of
firearms design for different applications.
When you inspect a Radom Firearm you will
see the quality and attention to detail that
Radom builds into each firearm they produce.
wz.1960 (Poland), which can shoot grenades there
are other AK variants made in Poland (Tantal
wz. 1988), the Polish government has a 5.56 x
45 mm AK variant called the Beryl wz.96 after
joining NATO. The Beryl has a distinctive looking
perforated stamped steel handguard and a folding
buttstock resembling that of the old German MP40
AKMS Cal. 7,62x39.
AK automatic rifle family
AK47 rifle family
page helped alot, take a look
of this page is to provide information on the
firearms designed and manufactured in Poland.
With the exception of the Vis 35 pistol, Polish
guns are virtually unknown outside Poland,
a situation I hope to change.
page contains information on 20 different
of this rifle started in late seventies. The
requirements called for a 5.45 mm gas operated
rifle with 3-shot burst capability and ability
to fire rifle grenades. The designers based
their work on the Russian AK-74 although most
of the mechanisms are original solutions. First
called wz. 81 (model 81) it was accepted by
the military in 1990 as "karabinek wz.
89" (carbine model 89). Simultaneously
a shortened version was developed and was named
wz. 89 (Onyks). Since Poland is to became a
NATO member, a 5.56 mm NATO version was developed
(wz.90), but was not accepted by the Polish
the AK-74 the Tantal is a gas-operated
automatic rifle. Its receiver is made
from sheet metal stampings and houses
an all-new trigger mechanism. The characteristic
large safety/selector lever of the
kalashnikov family has in this weapon
a function of safety only. The selector
switch has been moved to the left side
of the receiver and has three positions:
equipment consist of four 30-rounds
magazines (steel or plastic), a bayonet
(identical to that of AKM), sling,
blank-firing adapter, canvas magazine
pouch, magazine loader and cleaning
gear. Additional 60 rounds are carried
in four loading strips for a total
of 180 rounds. A light, detachable
bipod is also available
mainspring rod has been modified to
prevent the bolt cover from falling
of when firing rifle grenades. The
gas chamber and the gas cylinder has
brake resembles that of AK-74 but has smaller
diameter and is longer to allow it to be used
to launch grenades. The folding stock has a
shape similar to a design used in East German
AKMs but uses a different folding mechanism.
Sights can be set for 100-1000 meters and are
complemented by a set of tritium illuminated
night sights. Some Tantals are equipped with
a side plate for mounting optics. The rifle
can be equipped with wz. 1974 Pallad 40 mm
grenade launcher. Some parts (bolt, bolt carrier
and magazines) are interchangeable with AK-74.
- C - full auto
- P - single shot
- S - 3-shot burst
88 Tantal is used by the Polish army
but is to be replaced by wz.96 Beryl.
5.45 mm ammunition is no longer manufactured
in Poland and existing rifles are only
used for training.
wz. 90 Tantal
standard version, 5.56 mm NATO
Ta - Tantalum
Tantalum is a hard metal with reactivity lower
even than platinium.
Tantalum oxide was isolated by Anders
G. Ekeberg in 1802 who then named the element
because it tantalized his efforts to purify
The pure metal was finally obtained,
electrochemically, by Bolton in 1905.
Onyks was developed
together with the Tantal rifle as a compact
weapon better suited for certain types of
use. Onyks was made in two different chamberings:
5.45x39mm and 5.56mm NATO.
The Onyks is externally
very similar to the Russian AK-74U (by some
sources called AKR). It is a gas operated,
selective-fire carbine. The receiver is made
of sheet metal stampings and as the one in
its bigger brother houses a new trigger mechanism
with separated safety and selector lever. The
muzzle device has been modified to allow it
to be used for grenade launching (the prototype,
however, had a muzzle brake identical to the
Russian gun). The rear sight is another clear
difference between Onyks and AK-74U. The Russian
gun and the Onyks prototype have a rear sight
mounted on top of the receiver cover. The production
guns (and Onyks' replacement - kbk wz.96 Beryl)
has rear sights mounted at the rear of a mounting
rail attached to the receiver. Thanks to that
an identical receiver cover can be used on
both Tantal and Onyks.
5.56 mm NATO
A limited number of Onyks
were used by the Polish military
Onyks - Onyx
SiO2 - Silicon dioxide
BERYL Mod. 96
(KBS) Cal. 5.56x45.
Automatic Rifle, capable of.
Single fire, 3-shot burst, and fully automatic fire.
Side folding stock, for compact use. Optional bipod
and other accessories available. Outstanding muzzle
brake that significantly reduces recoil.
Compatible with .223 cal. (SS109) ammunition.
BERYL COMMANDO MOD 96
Automatic rifle. Shortbarrel weapon for compact use.
Extremely reliable design
capable of operating in virtually any environment.
Compatible with .223 cal. (SS109) ammunition.
Single fire mode, 3-shot bursts, or a continuous fire.
was designed when the Polish military requested
a new rifle compatible with NATO calibers.
The new weapons are called "kbs wz. 96
Beryl" and "kbk
wz. 96 Mini-Beryl". They started to enter
service in 1997.
Beryl line is a modification of the
Tantal/Onyks rifles. The biggest change
is the new detachable optics mount
on top of the receiver cover. Curiously,
the kbk wz. 96 Mini-Beryl has still
retained its original mounting rail
integrated with its rear sights. Both
rifles have new folding stocks that
look stronger than the ones used on
Tantal/Onyks. The longer version has
got a new gray, plastic foregrip with
integrated mount for the wz. 74 grenade
launcher. The cleaning-rod, characteristic
for the Kalashnikov family, is no longer
carried on the weapon. The barrel itself
has been lengthened but with the muzzle
device shortened the overall length
is roughly the same as Tantal's. Both
weapons are able to fire newly developed
rifle grenades which are fired with
standard live round (The grenade is
equipped with a bullet trap). Protective
goggles are recommended when firing
grenades from the Mini-Beryl due to
the amount of unburned gasses leaving
the short barrel.
- Kbs wz. 96: Automatic
- Kbk wz. 96: Automatic
is currently entering service with selected
units of the Polish Army. Eventually it will
replace all AK/AKM and Tantal carbines within
the Polish armed forces.
|BERYL MOD. 96
cal. 5.56 x 45 mm
5.56 mm BERYL Mod. 96 assault rifle is an automatic
weapon intended for infantry, paratroops and
other kinds of armed forces. It is reliable
weapon, accurate, durable and resistant to
unfavourable environmental conditions. The
rifle has three fire modes: single shot, three-round
burst, and fully automatic. It is adapted for
launching rifle grenades using standard live
ammunition that enables fighting lightly armoured
vehicles at ranges up to 150m. The butt-stock
of the rifle is of the side-folding type with
a rubber butt plate, the sights are U-notch
type. The twist of rifling enables good shooting
results both with SS109 and M193 ammunition.
It is also possible to fit the rifle with optical
sights rail according to MIL-STD 1913 (PICATTINY)
for assembling optical appliances such as:
sight telescope, noctovisor. Sights units (noctovisor
+ holograph) can be assembled and the Polish
produced underslung PALLAD 40 mm grenade launcher.
typy): 5.56 x 45 mm SS109 or M193
Muzzle velocity Vo: SS109 - 920 m/s, M193 - 940 m/s
Muzzle energy Eo: SS109 - 1690 J, M193 - 1570 J
Mode of fire: single shot, three-round burst, fully automatic
Rate of fire: 700 rds/min
Effective range: 600 m
Sight settings: 100 - 1000 m
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds
Principle of operation: tapping gas off barrel
Rifling: 6 grooves
Twist of rifling: 228 mm
|Length of rifle with
butt extended: 943 mm
Length of rifle with butt folded: 742 mm
Barrel length: 457 mm
Sight radius: 372 mm
|Rifle without magazine:
30-round magazine empty: 185 g
30-round magazine loaded: 554 g
Four 30-round magazines, four
15-round cartridge clips to load magazines,
cartridge clip cap, bipod, two-part cleaning
rod, cleaning kit, oiler, sling, pouch for
magazines, blank firing attachment.
Optical sight bed
PALLAD 40 mm grenade launcher
MINI-BERYL MOD. 96
5.56 x 45 mm
The 5.56 mm MINI-BERYL
Mod. 96 automatic carbine is intended for infantry,
paratroops and other kinds of armed forces,
including special ones. It is reliable weapon,
accurate, durable and resistant to unfavourable
environmental conditions.Thanks to its small
size, the MINI-BERYL can be carried easily
and is specially useful when is a need to fight
indoors. The carbine has three fire modes:
single shot, three-round burst, and fully automatic.
It is adapted for launching rifle grenades
using standard live ammunition that enables
fighting lightly armoured vehicles at ranges
up to 150 m. The butt-stock of the carbine
is of the side-folding type with a rubber butt
plate, the sights are U-notch type. The twist
of rifling enables good shoting results both
with SS109 and M193 type ammunition. It is
also possible to fit with rail according to
MIL-STD 1913 (PICATTINY) for assembling optical
appliances such as: sight telescope, noctovisor.
Sights units (noctovisor + holograph) can be
- Cartridge : 5.56
x 45 mm SS109 or M193
- Muzzle velocity Vo:
SS109 - 770 m/s, M193 - 775 m/s
- Muzzle energy Eo:
SS109 - 1189 J, M193 - 1065 J
- Mode of fire:
shot, three-round burst, fully automatic
- Rate of fire: 700
- Effective range:
- Sight settings: 100,
200, 400 m
- Magazine capacity:
20 and 30 rounds
- Principle of operation:
tapping gas off barrel
- Rifling: 6 grooves
- Twist of rifling: 1/9 228
- Length of carbine
with butt extended:
730 mm 28.75"
- Length of carbine
with butt folded:
525 mm 20.66"
- Barrel length: 235
- Sight radius: 225 mm 8.86"
- Carbine without magazine:
3000 g 6.61
- 20-round magazine
empty: 160 g
- 30-round magazine
empty: 185 g
- 20-round magazine
loaded: 406 g
- 30-round magazine loaded:
- 20-round magazine
- three 30-round magazines
- four 15-round cartridge
clips to load magazines
- cartridge clip
- cleaning rod
- pouch for magazines.
- Blank firing attachment
- Luminescent sights
- Optical sight bed
Beryllium Aluminum Silicate
one of the most important gem minerals. Emerald is
the green variety and Aquamarine is the blue
variety of beryl
SPORTS KARBINE RADOM-SPORT
cal. .223 Remington
civilain version of the military 7.62 AKM assault
For sport and hunting. Cal. 7.62x39
Carbine RADOM-SPORT is
a sports carbine assigned for practical shooting,
which construction was based on assault rifle
BERYL mod. 96 and meets practical IPSC shooting
requirements. It's only single shooter. ( IPSC
- International Practical Shooting Confederation
APPLICATION OF CHANGE:
Barrel is covered with carbonate
Sighting notch - stiff or vertically adjustable with wheel shield
Slotted fire silencer
Increased surface of safety catch wing
Extended window in cover to eliminate shells crushing
Extended rifle butt
New constructions of rails for fixing various optical or mechanical devices,
according to NATO standards MIL-Std-1913 ( PICATINNY )
U type or gap type sighting notches
Cartridge: .223 REMINGTON
Muzzle velocity Vo: 1006 m/s
Muzzle energy Eo: 1822 J
Mode of fire: single shot,
Theoretical rate of fire: 700 rounds/min
Range of fire: 600 m
Principle of action: removal of gases from barrel
Number of grooves in barrel: 6
Barrel's load of thread: 228 mm
Possibility of assembling magazines of various capacity (5, 10, 20, 25, 30
Length, extended carbine butt:
Length, fixed carbine butt: 742 mm
Total length with wooden butt: 995 mm
Barrel length: 457 mm
Sight radius (with metal butt): 496 mm
Polish AK Grenade Launchers
Kbkg wz. 1960 wz.
carbine - grenade launcher model 1960
wz. 1960 (carbine - grenade launcher model 1960) was
designed in late fifties. In seventies the
weapon was modified slightly (wz. 1960/72
with detachable stock).
Kbkg wz. 1960
is a minor modification of the Soviet AK-74
rifle. Modifications were done to the gas
block, mainspring rod and to the stock. Additionally,
several new components were added to the
weapon: muzzle attachment, rubber butt plate,
grenade sights and a short, 10 rounds magazine.
The gas block features a gas valve. It has
two positions: O (otwarty - open) used for
normal rifle fire and Z (zamkniety - closed)
used when launching grenades. Valve in Z
position allows only a small amount of gasses
to move through, just enough for the action
to cycle. The mainspring rod was modified:
a spring-loaded catch was added at the rear
end to prevent the bolt cover from falling
off when firing grenades. The stock features
two metal plates with slots for attaching
the rubber butt plate.
The barrel attachment
screws on the treaded muzzle and has to be
tightened with a key. A flat spring is located
at the top of the tube. Its purpose is to
hold the grenade in place before it's fired.
Normally, the grenade launching tube is only
used when launching grenade but normal bullet
fire can be conducted without detaching it.
Two types of
grenade sights were used. The early type
was screwed on to the rifles rear sights
and had three positions (50, 75 and 100 meters).
The later type (CN-70 - celownik nasadkowy
wz. 1970), introduced in 1970-ties, was attached
to the front sight. When firing rifle ammunition
the usual 30 rounds steel magazine fed the
weapon. When firing grenade a special, 10-rounds
magazine was used. The magazine was fitted
with a filler block to prevent any live round
being chambered. Grenades are fired with
a special blank cartridge: UNM wz. 1943/60
(Uniwersalny Naboj Miotajacy - Universal
Launching Cartridge model 1943/60). Externally,
the round is identical to a blank but has
stronger charge. The tip of the cartridge
is painted white for easy identification.
To fire grenades
the weapon had to be unloaded to ensure that
no live round were present in the chamber
(there is a high chance of grenade detonating
on the muzzle if a bullet is fired). Than
the gas valve had to be turned into Z position,
rubber butt plate attached and the barrel
attachment screwed on the muzzle. Grenade
sight had to be mounted, 10 round magazine
attached and the propelling round chambered.
Finally, the grenade can be placed on the
muzzle attachment and fired.
Base version with fixed wooden
stock. A version with metal folding stock
was also developed but not manufactured.
Wz. 1960 and wz. 1960/72 were
used by the Polish military.
Several types of grenades were
Uses body of F1 hand grenade. Used
in 1960-ties and later replaced by
Used against troops and lightly armored
targets. The casing holds 244 ball
||Training version of KGN.
Contains no explosives but has a flash-smoke
||Anti-tank grenade. Has
a shaped charge, can penetrate 200
mm (7.9 ") of solid steel.
||Training version of PGN-60.
||Training grenade used
to train artilery crews. The grenade
is fired from a kbkg wz. 1960 mounted
on a special artilery sights equiped
with detachable stock
detachable stock. used by the Polish military.
Replaced by the Wz. 1974 Pallad grenade launcher
underbarrel version grenade launcher
1974 Pallad grenade launcher was developed in late sixties
to replace the not entirely successful wz.1960
and wz.1960/72 grenade launching adaptations
of the AK rifle. Initially called wz. 1970
the combination of a AKM rifle and a 40 mm
grenade launcher was eventually accepted
by the military as wz. 1974. A stand-alone
variant wz. 1983 Pallad D was developed later.
Pallad is as
single shot, manually operated weapon. Its
rifled barrel is made of strengthened aluminum
while the rest of the mechanism is made of
steel. The right side of the receiver holds
a bolt handle and a sliding safety button.
The trigger lever is on the upper left side
of the receiver. A manual safety lever sits
on receivers left side.
The weapon can
be opened for reloading by pulling down a
handle located on the right side of the receiver.
The breach-block rotates downwards and any
round or cases present in the chamber are
ejected. Pallad lacks a conventional trigger.
It is fired by sliding down and holding a
safety button located on the right side of
the receiver and pressing the trigger with
the left-hand thumb. Quadrant sights mounted
on the left side of the barrel are marked
up to 430 m for direct fire and 170 - 400
m for indirect fire.
Wz. 1974 can
be attached to any full-size AK-type rifle
(AK-47, AKM, AK-74 and their copies, wz.
88 Tantal, kbs wz. 96 Beryl). The only adaptation
needed to be done on the rifle is the replacement
of the standard forward foregrip with a modified
one equipped with a special slot in its rear.
The grenade launcher is then attached to
the foregrip and to the bayonet lug.
The 40mm ammunition
used works on a hi-lo pressure principle.
The reloadable aluminum case is divided into
two chambers: a high-pressure chamber that
holds a shortened 7.62 x 54R rifle case with
propellant. The walls of the high-pressure
chamber have six small holes through which
gasses "slowly" flow to the low-pressure
chamber. The pressure in the low-pressure
chamber is 5-6 times lower than in the high-pressure
chamber. This system, while complicating
the case allow a much thinner and lighter
barrel to be used as well as lowering the
of ammunition were developed:
NGO-74: a high-explosive anti-personnel grenade. It's made of pre-fragmented
steel hull covered by an aluminum casing. A time delay fuze arms the
grenade 20-30 meters from the barrel. The lethar radius is around 180-200
NGC-74: training round with a flash charge instead of explosives.
NGB-74: training round without any charges used for zeroing-in and target
Pallad: underbarrel version
Wz. 1983 Pallad D: stand-alone variant
equipped with a folding metal stock and
a pistol grip. The stock is a standard
AKMS stock with a thick butt plate to reduce
recoil of the lighter weapon.
The wz. 1974
grenade launcher is currently used by the
Armory in Radom employs 6,000 workers and
produces the Kalashnikov assault rifle
"number 11 mark"
independence has recovered after 123 years
Poland, problem of structure of arms industry
defends become for she (it) case of unusual
weight. Network of plant (bet) did not
exist on polish practically zie miach
if (or) factories arms production occupying Russia
cause in period of annexation.
defends project of investment, radom plant
of weapon was that, andrzej has been approved
(validated) by in (to) 1922 director of plant
of radom weapon become (stay)
22 april 1927 factory of weapon and it
has proceeded under management of state
plant of arming. It
produce in 1926 year in factory within
day 250 rifles already. It had at disposal
in (to) 1939 2.300 already FB szt.
of weapon produced in 1930 year on supply
for yugoslavia 30 thousand of pistol.
(summer; year) was banner product of plant
(bet) by almost fifty rifle of soviet project
engineer Kałasznikowa. There is weapon
about highest degree of reliability, for
fairest construction included in the world.
However, polish rifles were modernized
with success and by radom project engineers
improve ( 7,62 mm AK-47, kbkAKM, ) kbkAKMs.
It process near the end summer (year) seventieth
and it produce parties of prototypes on
missiles about carbine educational samopowtarzalnego
kal. 5,6 Mm,
Unfortunately, it has receded from program
MON, on result, lose ideal for instruction
of (training of) archer that „ assistance
scientific ” not only military < military >.
New rifle construct year in (to) 1988 on
ammunition 5,45 .mm emerged shortest change
later TANTAL ONYKS, for cartridges in mid-year
ninetieth 5,56 .mm adapted < accommodate > also,
storm rifle construct BERYL and shortest
version MINI-BERYL wz. On ammunition 96
kal. It is possible to furnish these rifles
with produced in tarnuv 5,56 .mm 40 mm
howitzer PALLAD, dwójnóg
OF WEAPON has taken over tasks „ ” ŁUCZNIKA ŁUCZNIK
- ADVICE (COUNCIL). Company become
(stay) before insolvency of metal
plant (bet) several month zawiązana,
by 30 june 2000 year „ ” s.a.
ZM ŁUCZNIK and agency of development
of (evolution of) industry. It are
not limited factory for production
of carbine only BERYL, engine pistols
GLAUBERYT and for in a uniform services
prepare civil versions of rifles
for fans of shooting weapons „ ” called
ADVICE (COUNCIL) Beryl, which
(who) shoot cartridge remington
.223. Civil recipients (receivers),
amateurs have windfall first-class
sports strzelectwa, these carbines
for hand in version with wood
flask (butt) taking or it fold
| - WEAPON
FACTORY "ŁUCZNIK" - RADOM
( LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
Weapon Factory “ŁUCZNIK” – Radom
( limited liability company) was founded on
18th August 2000. It continues glorious traditions
of small arms producers in Radom like: Weapon
Factory (which was a part of State Armament
Factory and “ŁUCZNIK” Metal
Plant, respected on world market. Nowadays,
we produce modern small arms units like: submachine
guns PM-98 GLAUBERYT cal. 9 mm PARA, carbines
BERYL and MINI-BERYL cal. 5,56 mm NATO, sports
carbines RADOM-SPORT cal. .223 REM and personal
pistol P99 cal. 9 mm PARA.
1905 Roku street 1/9
Ak 96 Beryl Variants
I have some information about new variants of
Polish KBK AK wz. 96 Beryl." -
The new model of AK 96 have new telescopic butt
and 3x MIL-STD-1913 compatible rail (2x short
for flash light , laser sight and 1x Long For
Sniper Scope or NV Scope or EOtech Holografic
sight) New Ak 96 are also equipped with new
magazines made from plastic and special handle
under the barrel. This type of Ak 96 are used
by Polish Army in Irak and what is also important
all AK 96 used in Polish Army will be modify
to new variant
Fabryka Broni Radom have produced new Machine
gun based on beryl. It is called RKM wz. 2003.
RKM wz 2003 can used with beryl or mini beryl
magazine or cartridge tape - 200 shells (similarly
to FN minimi aka M293).
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